Bristol Cathedral FLAGSTONES – Old connections with Barbados

The ‘Bristol Slave Trade’.
Many Bristol Merchant’s derived staggering Profits from Sugar Plantations – in turn, using this ‘Ill-Earned Wealth’ with which to help build the City of Bristol.

John Pinney:
John Pinney (1740–1818) was a merchant who owned multiple sugar and slave plantations on the Island of Nevis in the Caribbean. At the age of 22, Pinney received land from his cousin, John Frederick Pinney, in south-east England. Two years later he maintained plantations on Nevis. Overall he owned 66 slaves in the period between 1765 and 1769. Later he had between 170 and 210 slaves in his 394 acres large plantation. He was one of the richest Bristolians at that time, having earned about £340,000 (ca £17 million today). [1] His son Charles inherited his father’s estate, and when slavery was finally abolished throughout the British Empire, Charles received over £24,000 in compensation from the British government.[2]

Georgian House Museum, Great George Street:-
The Georgian House Museum, 7 Great George Street, Bristol BS1 5RR was built for John Pinney (from 1740 to 1818).
He earned his fortune from sugar plantations in Nevis. Pinney became richer still through the company he set up with the pro-slavery pamphleteer, James Tobin. They owned ships and loaned money to plantation owners. They also took over both the plantations and the slaves of those who could not pay their debts.
Pero was their slave.

Edward Colston (from 1636 to 1721) was born in Bristol. He made his fortune as a sugar merchant and member of the Royal African Company. He had interests in St Kitts and in London. He also became a partner in a Bristol sugar refinery, where sugar produced by slaves in the West Indies was processed.

Colston was also famous for his charity and philanthropy in Bristol. He founded almshouses at St.Michael’s Hill, and supported local schools. This statue of him was erected in Colston Avenue, Bristol in 1895.

United States:
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America (/əˈmɛrɪkə/), is a federal republic[16][17] composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.[fn 6] Forty-eight states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world’s 17 megadiverse countries.[19]
At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million km2)[20] and with over 324 million people, the United States is the world’s third- or fourth-largest country by total area,[fn 7] and the third-most populous. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city is New York City; twelve other major metropolitan areas—each with at least 4.5 million inhabitants—are Los Angeles, Chicago, Dallas, Houston, Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, Miami, Atlanta, Boston, San Francisco, Phoenix, and Riverside.


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