The Pioneer of Modern Philanthropy – Andrew Carnegie 現代慈善事業的先驅—安德魯·卡內基



Andrew Carnegie was born on November 25, 1835, in Dunfermline, Scotland. As they were forced into poverty by the arrival of automated weaving machines, they decided to immigrate to the United States in 1848 for the prospect of a better life.
At the age of 18, he was recruited by Thomas Scott, superintendent of the Pennsylvania Railroad, as his secretary and personal telegrapher. As this young man moved up the corporate ladder at the railroad company, he realized the enormous potential of iron and steel for the future of the American economy and decided to step into this industry. Later, with his foresight and organizational and investment skills, he adapted the most advanced and efficient mass steel production method of the era from the UK. He consolidated several other smaller steel producers and integrated the suppliers of the raw materials, and thus gradually built his enormous steel empire.
Even with his enormous success in business and personal wealth accumulation, Mr. Carnegie is most remembered for his good endeavors. He gave away US$350 million, 90% of his wealth, to various charities and foundations by the time of his death. Many contemporary wealthy entrepreneurs heeded his call to give of themselves.
One of Andrew Carnegie’s primary charity initiatives was the founding of free public libraries. He contributed US$56 million to build 2,509 libraries around the world, of which 1,679 were built in the United States, with 70% in small towns.
Andrew Carnegie was a firm advocate of world peace. He also founded the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands, in 1903, with the objective to resolve international conflicts peacefully, and established the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in 1910 as a global network to share innovative ideas to advance global peace.
Andrew Carnegie is a brilliant example of how immigrants can tremendously benefit the community and world.

一八三五年十一月廿五日,安德魯•卡內基在蘇格蘭的鄧弗姆林出生。由於自動化織機問世,他們的經濟陷入困境,因此在一八四八年他們決定移民美國,尋找更美好的生活。
他在十八歲那年被賓夕凡尼亞鐵路局局長托馬斯•斯科特聘用為秘書及私人電報員。在鐵路公司步步高升時,這位年輕人意識到鋼鐵對美國未來經濟具有巨大的潛力,於是決定踏進這個行業。後來憑藉遠見卓識、組織和投資技巧,他引進了英國劃時代最先進和高效的鋼鐵生產方式。他合併其他幾個較小的鋼鐵生產商並整合原材料供應商,逐漸建立起他巨大的鋼鐵王國。
儘管卡內基先生在其企業與個人財富積累獲得巨大的成功,但最令人難忘的卻是他的樂善好施。直至去世時,他共捐出三·五億美元,相等於財富的九成給各種慈善機構和基金會。許多當代富有的企業家都響應他的呼籲而大力捐贈。
安德魯·卡內基其中一項主要慈善活動是開設免費的公共圖書館。他出資五千六百萬美元,在世界各地建立二千五百零九座圖書館,其中一千六百七十九座已在美國建成,當中七成位於小城鎮。
安德魯•卡內基堅定地倡導世界和平。他還在一九○三年於荷蘭海牙創立了和平宮,目的是和平解決國際衝突,又在一九一○年設立卡內基國際和平基金會,作為分享創新想法,促進世界和平的全球網絡。
安德魯•卡內基是個傑出的例子,證明移民可以極大地造福社區與世界。

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